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Tillerson to visit Pakistan as well as India: senior U.S. official

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Oct
19

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson will Pakistan next week during an Asian trip that will also take him to the country’s rival India, a senior official at the U.S. State Department said on Wednesday.

Reporting by Jonathan Landay; Writing by David Brunnstrom; Editing by Alistair Bell

Deepika urges Smriti Irani to take action against ‘Padmavati’ vandals

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Oct
18

In a recent turn of events, Deepika Padukone, lead star of Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s next titled ‘Padmavati’ has broken her silence on the vandalism surrounding the film’s release based on the life of Rani Padmini from Chittor.

The actress taking to her Twitter handle condemned the ongoing vandalism against the film and has also gone ahead to urge Broadcast Minister Smriti Irani to put an end to this. Here’s what she said, “Absolutely heart breaking to see the recent attack on artist Karan and his artwork!disgusting and appalling to say the least! Who are these people?Who is responsible for their actions?For how long are we going to let this go on? Allow them to take law into their own hands attack our freedom right to individual expression time again!? This has to stop NOW action must be taken!@smritiirani.”

Amidst all the awe and applause, Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s upcoming period drama ‘Padmavati’ was in for more trouble by the Rajput Karni Sena. Karni Sena allegedly stated that they will not allow distorted facts to be shown in the film at any cost, and will see to it that the film is not screened in half of India. According to them, the filmmakers have tried to defame Padmavati by distorting historical facts.

Early this year, members of the Rajput fringe group reportedly disrupted the film’s shoot in Jaipur, vandalized the sets and manhandled Mr Bhansali. After the incident, SLB shifted the shooting destination to a place near Mumbai’s Film City. by Shreya Thakur

Whats Popular Today Wed 18 Oct

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Oct
18

Diwali, McKayla Maroney, Visceral Games, Surface Book 2, …

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Saïgon iOS 10.2.1 Jailbreak Now Available For All Users – ValueWalk

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Oct
18

You may recall that a jailbreak solution was released recently for users still on iOS 10.2.1. However, the solution did not include an IPA file for the average users to sideload. Basically, it was only possible for developers to jailbreak devices on iOS 10.2.1. Now we got the update we have been waiting for! That’s right; the Saigon iOS 10.2.1 jailbreak has an IPA file that can be sideloaded!

Saïgon iOS 10.2.1 Jailbreak
hurk / Pixabay

If you’re not a jailbreaking fan then this isn’t exciting news. In fact, I’m surprised you even read this far. For those who have been patiently sitting at iOS 10.2.1 this is huge news. The developer crowd has already likely jailbroken their devices but that was little help for the average jailbreaker who relies on the hard work and effort of developers to make jailbreaking possible.

Keeping up with new versions of iOS is not always easy for jailbreakers. Every time Apple releases a new version of iOS there is the internal battle for iOS users about whether they should update their device to enjoy the latest features or wait for a new jailbreak solution. Back in the good old days of jailbreaking you could jailbreak the latest version of iOS and have the best of both worlds. These days, things are a little more difficult for jailbreakers. Some of the best hackers in the community have taken jobs at security firms or sell exploits for big money on the open market rather than releasing exploits to the public for free.

The Saigon iOS 10.2.1 jailbreak was truly a community effort with work from Luca Todesco, Adam Donenfeld, Ian Beers, Tim Michaud, and more. Their effort to make this IPA file available means users who don’t have developer-level knowledge (like myself) can use Cydia Impactor to sideload the jailbreak file. If you want more information about the Saigon iOS 10.2.1 jailbreak then I recommend you check out their GitHub page.

There is one thing to note… Originally, it was said that Saigon would work with all 64-bit iOS devices. However, they iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPhone SE, iPhone 6S, and iPad Air 2 with WiFi. I’m not sure if that’s a mistake or if testing just hasn’t been done on other devices. Anyway, if your device is not listed then you may want to wait and stay on the safe side of things until there is some more clarification.

This should be great news for jailbreaking fans. This new jailbreak has been an ongoing community effort and it shows what can be accomplished when some great minds work together. It would be very nice to see some recent versions of iOS get jailbroken. We did see a video with an iOS 11 beta jailbreak but we haven’t seen much since. Perhaps something big is on the horizon? Perhaps there’s nothing coming of that video? I guess we can just wait and see.

What do you think of jailbreaking? Is it even worth the effort any more? Should we just update to the latest version of iOS and enjoy the newest features? Or, is jailbreaking still essential to make the best use of your iOS device? Let me know your thoughts below!

Kerala High Court restores Sreesanth’s life ban

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Oct
18


© PTI

Sreesanth‘s attempt to seek court intervention to lift the life ban imposed on him by the BCCI, for his alleged involvement in the 2013 spot-fixing scandal, has failed. A division bench of the Kerala High Court on Tuesday ruled that the BCCI ban cannot be overturned or reduced, thereby negating a judgement issued by the same court in August, which had asked the board to lift the ban.

In a series of tweets after the judgement was made public, Sreesanth called Tuesday’s verdict “the worst decision ever”, and said he would continue to challenge the ban. Sreesanth and two other Rajasthan Royals bowlers – Ankit Chavan and Ajit Chandila – were given life bans for their alleged involvement in the 2013 corruption and spot-fixing scandal in the IPL.

In August, Justice A Muhamed Mustaque of the Kerala High Court, had accepted Sreesanth’s writ petition, filed in February, and told the told the BCCI it had no “incriminating evidence” and hence the ban should be “quashed”.

In his petition, Sreesanth told the court that in 2015, a trial court had dropped the criminal charges filed against him by the Delhi Police and hence the BCCI, too, should lift the ban. Sreesanth was among 42 individuals chargesheeted by the Delhi Police under the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA).

Last month, the BCCI challenged Justice Mustaque’s order, saying the criminal proceedings established by the Delhi Police had no bearing on its own investigation, which had been carried out by Ravi Sawani who was chief of the board’s anti-corruption unit at the time. Sawani had prepared two reports – preliminary and supplementary – having questioned Sreesanth in person and having taken a written undertaking from the player.

In its petition, the BCCI also asked whether a writ court could “sit in appeal” and “alter the quantum of penalty imposed” against the findings of the board’s disciplinary committee. A writ is an application filed in the court asking it to enforce some right against an authority or against an order against which there is no statutory remedy.

The BCCI said that its decision was in “accordance” with the principles of natural justice and asked the court to decide whether Justice Mustaque’s order was “contrary to law and to principles of justice, equity and good conscience and ought to be set aside?”

On Tuesday, in an oral order, a two-judge division bench, comprising Justices Navaniti Prasad Singh and Justice Raja Vijayaraghavan, ruled that a writ court could only scrutinise if the BCCI’s investigation process was fair, but could not challenge the merits of the punishment. The writ court, the division bench pointed out, could not overstep its brief and become an “appellate” power over BCCI; doing so would be “exceeding the limits of judicial review”.

The division bench also rejected Sreesanth’s argument that he had been denied natural justice. It said Sreesanth had actually violated the BCCI’s anti-corruption code, having failed to inform the anti-corruption unit about the illegal activities despite receiving education from the ACU. The division bench also agreed with the BCCI that the decision of the Delhi trial court could not be equated to the life ban as desired by Sreesanth.

Sreesanth expressed strong resentment towards the court order immediately after the judgement was made public and questioned why he was being singled out when the BCCI had allowed Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals – the two IPL franchises suspended following the 2013 scandal – to return to the fold. “Special rule for me? what about real culprits? What about chennai super kings ? And what about Rajasthan?” he tweeted.

Nagraj Gollapudi is a senior assistant editor at ESPNcricinfo

Government orders Delhi power plant, generator shutdown as air worsens

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Oct
18

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – The government ordered diesel generators and a power plant in Delhi to be shut down on Tuesday as air quality in the capital deteriorated ahead of Diwali, when a night of firecrackers sends pollution levels rocketing.

Under a plan that imposes anti-pollution measures when air quality drops below a certain level, the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) also ordered some brick kilns to close and the burning of rubbish to stop.

With Delhi’s air already in the “very poor and severe” category, the measures will stay in place until March to prevent pollution levels from rising.

Many richer residents of Delhi have diesel generators as a back-up during regular power supply disruptions.

Emergency services like hospitals will not be forced to shut down their generators.

“Delhi has a long way to go before it can lay claim to having reasonably clean and breathable air,” Sunita Narain, an EPCA member and director general of the Centre for Science and Environment, a Delhi-based thinktank, said in a statement.

Air pollution in Delhi has become a major public policy issue in recent years as residents wake up to the life-threatening implications of breathing air frequently ranked among the world’s most toxic.

Indian courts have taken up much of the role in trying to clean the air, although enforcement of the various bans and restrictions has proven difficult.

Last week the Supreme Court temporarily banned the sale of firecrackers in and around Delhi ahead of Diwali, as it looks to prevent a repeat of severe air pollution that forced school closures last year.

Diwali falls on October 19 this year.

Last November, about a million children were forced to stay home from school and thousands of workers reported sick as New Delhi struggled with its worst pollution for nearly 20 years.

Vehicle emissions and dust from construction sites were the factors blamed for that spike, besides firecrackers and crop burnings.

India and China together accounted for more than half of the 4.2 million deaths attributable to air pollution worldwide in 2015, a study by the U.S.-based Health Effects Institute showed.

The closure of Delhi’s Badarpur thermal power plant is one of the actions required when the air quality turns very poor by the government’s Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP), which came into force in January.

Power plants in neighbouring states will also be monitored for pollution levels.

Reporting by Tommy Wilkes; Editing by Angus MacSwan

Pics: Priyanka Chopra enjoys downtime in San Francisco

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Oct
17

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Whats Popular Today Tue 17 Oct

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Oct
17

Hillary Clinton, cow tongue, Dana Loesch, Selena Quintanilla, …

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New Hope Given To iOS 10.3.3 Jailbreak – ValueWalk

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Oct
17
iOS 10.3.3 jailbreak
hurk / Pixabay

Jailbreaking has lost a lot of popularity over the last few years but there is still a dedicated community working on new jailbreaking tools and, hopefully, getting closer and closer to an iOS 10.3.3. jailbreak. However, now that many users have updated to iOS 11, the hope of an iOS 10.3.3 jailbreak is fading fast. Luckily, a prominent member of the jailbreaking community has given that idea new hope.

Adam Donenfeld has been one of the most active members of the iOS jailbreaking community, especially recently. He revealed tools that would allow iOS 10.3 users to downgrade to iOS 10.2 should a new jailbreak come along. Now, his Tweets are gaining some attention in tech circles and, specifically, the jailbreaking community. A Twitter user asked Adam about an iOS 10.3.3 jailbreak and Adam gave a response that was closer to “yes” than “no.” Of course, there is some nuance in the answer. An iOS 10.3.3 jailbreak is not ready to go but Adam does suggest that he has been working toward that conclusion.

In some follow up Tweets Adam tries to slow down the excitement that he will be working on an iOS 10.3.3 jailbreak by telling users, “I never said I am going to work on a JB. I never said I wanted to do it now. I just said it is possible.”

The fact that a jailbreak is possible is the best news the community has had in awhile. Jailbreaking has seen a lot of setbacks in the past few years. There once was a time that iOS jailbreaking was an essential step in owning an iPhone if you wanted to do basic things like change your wallpaper. Now, Apple has incorporated many jailbroken features into iOS and worked more on their security to stop hackers from finding flaws in the operating system that allowed them to jailbreak devices. On top of that, a lot of people who were active in the jailbreaking community have taken jobs with security firms and tech companies. This “brain drain” has made the creation of new jailbreak tools even harder. With that said, people like Adam Donenfeld are still working hard to jailbreak devices for users who want complete control over their iPhone or iPad.

So, there you have it. There is no iOS 10.3.3 jailbreak… Yet. However, according to Adam Donenfeld; the potential is there. He has released tools in the past to help people working on jailbreaks and perhaps he has something more up his sleeve for release soon. If you have been holding out for an iOS 10.3.3 jailbreak then you will have to wait a little longer but it looks like there is new hope for you.

Porter ruled out of Lions tour with back stress fracture

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Oct
17

Essex seamer Jamie Porter will miss the England Lions tour of Australia after being diagnosed with a stress fracture of the back.

The injury was picked up during pre-tour screening, but Porter has not been scrubbed from England’s plans completely and will now spend time with the Pace Programme as he works his way back to fitness with the aim of being available for selection for the tour of West Indies early next year.

Porter was the leading wicket-taker in the County Championship last season with 75 scalps during Essex’s march to the title.

“While it was initially surprising and disappointing for Jamie and for us to discover he has a stress fracture, we have agreed with him and with Essex that this new approach is the best option,” James Whitaker, the national selector, said.

“Spending the first half of the winter on the Pace Programme will allow him to take a break from competitive cricket after two excellent and demanding seasons for Essex, allowing the injury to recover, and for a focus on his rehabilitation.

“We believe that will give him the best chance of being in peak condition for the competitive phase of the Lions winter programme, with four-day and one-day series in the West Indies early next year.”

Posting on Twitter, Porter said: “I’m extremely gutted to be missing Australia but at the same time grateful to the ECB for giving me all the support and allowing me the opportunity to work hard and get myself fit for the West Indies tour which I’m very confident I will do! This is a minor setback and I know I’m going to do everything I possibly can to be fully fit for January!”

His place in the Lions squad goes to Worcestershire’s Josh Tongue who was originally set to be on the Pace Programme.

Tongue, 19, took 47 wickets at 25.78 in the Championship as he played in all 14 of Worcestershire’s matches.

Kevin Shine, the who heads up the Pace Programme, said: “As ever, we’ve worked closely with the players and their counties, and we think this is a good solution.

“Jamie relished his first Lions experience this summer and we’ve agreed with Essex for him to spend a couple of months with the Pace Programme, at the Performance Centre in Loughborough with a warm-weather camp at Desert Springs in Spain, to get him fit and ready to join the Lions in the West Indies after Christmas.

“For Josh, he gets to sample the Ashes atmosphere in Australia, as well as gaining experience of working with the Lions.”

Bengaluru building collapse kills at least five: officials

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Oct
17

BENGALURU (Reuters) – A multi-storey building collapsed in Bengaluru on Monday, killing at least five people and injuring several, officials said.

The accident occurred in a densely populated residential area in the south-east of the city after the suspected explosion of a cooking gas cylinder, they said.

Rescue operations were under way, according to media reports.

“Five people have died and five have been rescued,” Bengaluru Development and Town Planning Minister K.J. George said on TV from the accident site.

“The building is more than 20 years old. At around 6 a.m., there was a loud noise, either due to gas cylinder explosion or building collapse,” said Karnataka state home minister Ramalinga Reddy.

Reporting by Aby Jose Koilparambil in Bengaluru; Editing by Nick Macfie

Pic: Virat Kohli and Anushka Sharma are Diwali ready

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Oct
16

Anushka Sharma, who is currently in New York with her alleged beau Virat Kohli, seems to be having a gala time with the latter. The duo is making the most of their vacation while in the city.

Apart from holidaying with Virat, Anushka also took some time out to roam around the city with her childhood friend.

The ‘Jab Harry Met Sejal’ actress recently took to Instagram and posted a photo with her childhood bestie and captioned it, “True friendship transcends time and distance ? #NewYork#childhoodfriend”

Anushka and Virat were also spotted visiting ancient museums. While Anushka sported a ’90s inspired look in high-waisted jeans with patchwork and a knitted sweater-top, Virat opted for a casual tee and jeans.

Whats Popular Today Mon 16 Oct

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Oct
16

Chris Brown, Al Michaels, Bill Moos, Aaron Rodgers, …

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How Apple put an end to iOS jailbreaking

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Oct
16

iPhone jailbreaking is dead” reads the headline. Four words signaling the end of a 10-year long battle between Apple and those who wanted open control of their iOS devices. Here is an admission in black and white that prominent members of the jailbreaking community are giving up on attacking iOS devices. Apple created a system where their engineers, like soldiers in a castle under siege, were able to outlast the besieging army; throwing back assault after assault, until the attackers, deciding the siege was no longer worthwhile, packed up and headed home.

Ten years ago, finding a jailbreak was fairly doable, though it required skill. As iOS jailbreaks became harder to find, however, they became more valuable. Zerodium publicly announced it would pay $1 million, now increased to $1.5 million, for a remote jailbreak flaw (e.g. remote code execution) on iOS. This effectively priced the jailbreak community out of the market for iOS vulnerabilities. Markets only assign commodities such value when they are rare and difficult to obtain. If somehow you remain unconvinced, consider that the last publicly available untethered (e.g. persistent across reboots) jailbreak was discovered over a year ago, and was part of the government-quality attack tool Pegasus. The current generation of jailbreaks require the user to run a jailbreak app every time they reboot.

All of this flies in the face of conventional computer security orthodoxy which contends that the advantage will always belong to the attacker. It’s easy to see why this thinking holds true. The attacker only needs to find one or two exploits anywhere in the system, while the defender must fix all the flaws in the system. Therefore, the attacker has a massive advantage because they are only focused on one thing while the defenders are focused on multiple things like adding new features and solving customer use cases. As Linus Torvalds noted: “Security by itself is useless… the upside is always somewhere else.” This belief in the attacker’s advantage is so pervasive that intelligence agencies around the world appear to build their cybersecurity strategies to significantly prioritize attack over defense.

If everyone believes attackers will always win, how did Apple create a system that favors the defenders? To understand the answer, it’s important to understand that creating a persistent iOS jailbreak generally requires finding at least four separate vulnerabilities in iOS:

  • In an app on the device
  • In the iOS kernel
  • In the boot sequence
  • In the iOS kernel (often different than 2)

App vulnerabilities

The first challenge is to get arbitrary code running on iOS at all. Since Apple tightly controls which apps can run on iOS, just running an arbitrary app requires finding a vulnerable application. In practice, this has usually meant finding flaws in Safari.

Having exploited that flaw, a user likely wishes to sideload apps (e.g. install and run apps that haven’t been approved by the AppStore). Originally, this was necessary in order to run third-party apps, since there was no App Store. Later, users enabled features such as Bluetooth tethering that carriers disabled or charged extra money to use. For non-iOS developers, running sideloaded apps requires disabling the signature checking iOS does on all apps before executing them. This check, which is done inside the kernel, ensures apps have come from the AppStore or an approved enterprise equivalent.

Kernel vulnerabilities

Now, our attacker must find a flaw in the kernel that allows arbitrary code execution in order to disable the signature checking routine. The kernel of an operating system is like a traffic cop. It is in charge of controlling access to hardware resources, managing processes, and controlling user permissions among other duties.

Assuming the first two flaws have been found and successfully exploited, the jailbreak is only effective until the device reboots because at that point signature checking will be re-enabled and the user-loaded apps won’t be allowed to execute. To persist the jailbreak across reboots, the attacker needs to find an exploit in the boot sequence of the iOS device that will run the attacker’s code.

Boot vulnerabilities

When iOS boots, the hardware first verifies the signature on the firmware, which then verifies the signature on the boot loader (actually, iOS has two), which then verifies the signature on the kernel, which then checks the signatures on all subsequently launched programs. Therefore, all attackers are forced to find a flaw somewhere in that boot sequence that will allow them to run their initial program that will disable the kernel’s signature checking.

And thus, the beauty of Apple’s strategy is revealed. First, they force their opponent to find four vulnerabilities; fixing any one of which breaks the jailbreak and forces the attacker to find a new flaw that serves the same purpose. Second, and perhaps more critically, Apple ensures that at least one of those flaws must be in the boot sequence.

This is a huge advantage because, unlike most programs, boot loaders are typically relatively small (hundreds or thousands of lines of code, not millions) and they don’t need a lot of new features added over time. Thus, attackers can’t count on the bootloaders introducing new flaws. This creates a “narrow pass,” and, as Sun Tzu advised (“With regard to narrow passes, if you can occupy them first, let them be strongly garrisoned and await the advent of the enemy.”), Apple has fortified it.

Kernel vulnerabilities (redux)

Finally, the attacker needs an exploit to get back into the kernel to disable the signature checking again. It is likely that this exploit will require a different flaw than the original kernel vulnerability used. However, if an attacker has managed to get this far, the jailbreak will persist across reboots. At least until the next version of iOS patches these flaws and this race starts over again.

Within the security community there has long been a debate of whether fixing any single bug makes the system significantly more secure. By creating a “narrow point” that can contain only a limited number of bugs, Apple has ensured that the answer is “yes” for iOS. Every bug fixed makes it that much harder to find a new flaw. I congratulate Apple for creating a system where, for once, the defenders have the advantage. Even so, iOS users must hope that Apple remains vigilant. The jailbreaking community worked for free. The next round of attackers are funded by organizations willing to spend millions of dollars to penetrate iOS devices.

Tim Jackson, senior product security architect at MobileIron.

Published under license from ITProPortal.com, a Future plc Publication. All rights reserved.

Photo Credit: val lawless/Shutterstock

Have to find ‘hatred’ of England in the Ashes

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Oct
16

David Warner won’t have any qualms about engaging with England players in the middle during the Ashes, believing his verbal sparring performed a key role in the 2013-14 whitewash.

No sooner had he returned from the limited-overs tour of India, Warner was thinking of the opening day at the Gabba as he talked of the need to find “hatred” of England in the heat of the Ashes tussle.

Warner, lauded in recent years for a more mature approach to his game, wasn’t afraid of having a few words four years ago which included saying England had “scared eyes” during the Brisbane Test as they were dismantled by Mitchell Johnson although later admitted he had gone “too far” when he labelled Jonathan Trott’s second-innings dismissal as “poor and weak.”

“As soon as you step on that line it’s war,” Warner said on ABC Grandstand. “You try and get into a battle as quick as you can. I try and look in the opposition’s eye and try and work out ‘how can I dislike this player, how can I get on top of him?’ You’ve really got to find that spark in yourself to really take it to the opposition.

“You have to delve and dig deep into yourself to actually get some hatred about them to actually get up when you’re out there. History is a big part in this and that is what carries us onto the ground.”

Warner added, however, that he would leave the talk until he gets onto the field in Brisbane even suggesting he will take a “subtle” approach in trying to get under England’s skin.

“Four years ago, during that first Test I made some statements in the media and at the time I thought it was a great thing to come out and speak what I said,” he said. “I have no regrets about that and I think that could have played a little bit of a role in the back of their minds.

“At the moment I’m not going to put any vibes out there or get into a verbal stoush … but come day one when we walk out there, there will definitely be some words exchanged. But I think the subtle approach these days is how it is and how it goes.”

Australia’s players have three rounds of Sheffield Shield matches to prepare for the first Test with the major question marks over their side revolving around who will bat at No. 6 and who will take the wicketkeeping gloves.

England, who are set to be without Ben Stokes, depart at the end of the month and have three warm-up matches before the first Test which starts on November 23.

India’s IndusInd Bank seals $2.4 billion deal to buy Bharat Financial

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Oct
16

NEW DELHI/MUMBAI (Reuters) – India’s IndusInd Bank Ltd agreed an all-share deal on Saturday to buy microlender Bharat Financial Inclusion Ltd for close to 155 billion rupees ($2.4 billion), boosting its presence in microfinance lending and rural banking.

IndusInd will give Bharat Financial’s shareholders 639 of its shares for every 1,000 shares they own in the microfinance lender, both companies said in a joint statement.

The deal values Bharat Financial at 1118.47 rupees a share, an 11.4 percent premium to the stock’s Friday closing price of 1,004 rupees.

“The combination brings together entities with significant complementary strengths and huge synergistic advantages,” IndusInd Chief Executive Romesh Sobti said in the statement.

The deal is expected to add value from the start given IndusInd’s lower cost of funding among other factors, the companies said in the statement. They said Bharat Financial’s distribution network also offered large untapped deposit potential from rural and underserved Indian customers.

Deutsche Bank analysts have previously said the deal would help IndusInd become a dominant player in the microfinance industry and boost its earnings by 2019.

Bharat Financial, a for-profit group that focuses on lending small sums to poorer women in rural areas, has 6.8 million borrowers and “last-mile” customer access to 100,000 Indian villages. The combined group will have more than 2,600 branches.

IndusInd, the sixth-largest Indian private sector bank by assets, announced it had entered exclusive talks with Bharat Financial in September.

Morgan Stanley and Arpwood Capital advised IndusInd Bank while Credit Suisse advised Bharat Financial, which was formerly known as SKS Microfinance Ltd.

Shares in IndusInd closed at 1,750.35 rupees on Friday, giving the bank a market value of more than $16 billion.

($1 = 64.6950 Indian rupees)

Editing by Richard Borsuk and Adrian Croft

Hrithik Roshan and sons join Sussanne Khan at store launch

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Oct
15

We all know that Akshay Kumar is a doting father to two beautiful children. On his little princess, Nitara’s birthday Akki didn’t miss out on a chance to share a prized video clip along with a winsome birthday wish for his five-year-old.

The ‘Toilet: Ek Prem Katha’ actor posted a cute video of his daughter helping him shave while sitting atop the bathroom countertop. In the caption, he denoted that it was such small moments are very precious to him. The caption reads, “My fav part of every day, my daughter shaving me at the sink, precious moments! Happy Birthday My Princess. One request, please don’t grow up.”

Watch the video here: https://twitter.com/akshaykumar/status/912208992264380417

Like a protective daddy, Akshay has kept his children away from the unnecessary media glare.

On the work front, the actor is prepping up for his next films ‘Padman’ and ‘Gold’ that are set to hit theatre screens next year.

Whats Popular Today Sun 15 Oct

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Oct
15

Washington Football, Hurricane Ophelia, Larry Flynt, …

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How Apple put an end to iOS jailbreaking

Posted Posted by Admin in News     Comments Comments Off on How Apple put an end to iOS jailbreaking
Oct
15

iPhone jailbreaking is dead” reads the headline. Four words signaling the end of a 10-year long battle between Apple and those who wanted open control of their iOS devices. Here is an admission in black and white that prominent members of the jailbreaking community are giving up on attacking iOS devices. Apple created a system where their engineers, like soldiers in a castle under siege, were able to outlast the besieging army; throwing back assault after assault, until the attackers, deciding the siege was no longer worthwhile, packed up and headed home.

Ten years ago, finding a jailbreak was fairly doable, though it required skill. As iOS jailbreaks became harder to find, however, they became more valuable. Zerodium publicly announced it would pay $1 million, now increased to $1.5 million, for a remote jailbreak flaw (e.g. remote code execution) on iOS. This effectively priced the jailbreak community out of the market for iOS vulnerabilities. Markets only assign commodities such value when they are rare and difficult to obtain. If somehow you remain unconvinced, consider that the last publicly available untethered (e.g. persistent across reboots) jailbreak was discovered over a year ago, and was part of the government-quality attack tool Pegasus. The current generation of jailbreaks require the user to run a jailbreak app every time they reboot.

All of this flies in the face of conventional computer security orthodoxy which contends that the advantage will always belong to the attacker. It’s easy to see why this thinking holds true. The attacker only needs to find one or two exploits anywhere in the system, while the defender must fix all the flaws in the system. Therefore, the attacker has a massive advantage because they are only focused on one thing while the defenders are focused on multiple things like adding new features and solving customer use cases. As Linus Torvalds noted: “Security by itself is useless… the upside is always somewhere else.” This belief in the attacker’s advantage is so pervasive that intelligence agencies around the world appear to build their cybersecurity strategies to significantly prioritize attack over defense.

If everyone believes attackers will always win, how did Apple create a system that favors the defenders? To understand the answer, it’s important to understand that creating a persistent iOS jailbreak generally requires finding at least four separate vulnerabilities in iOS:

  • In an app on the device
  • In the iOS kernel
  • In the boot sequence
  • In the iOS kernel (often different than 2)

App vulnerabilities

The first challenge is to get arbitrary code running on iOS at all. Since Apple tightly controls which apps can run on iOS, just running an arbitrary app requires finding a vulnerable application. In practice, this has usually meant finding flaws in Safari.

Having exploited that flaw, a user likely wishes to sideload apps (e.g. install and run apps that haven’t been approved by the AppStore). Originally, this was necessary in order to run third-party apps, since there was no App Store. Later, users enabled features such as Bluetooth tethering that carriers disabled or charged extra money to use. For non-iOS developers, running sideloaded apps requires disabling the signature checking iOS does on all apps before executing them. This check, which is done inside the kernel, ensures apps have come from the AppStore or an approved enterprise equivalent.

Kernel vulnerabilities

Now, our attacker must find a flaw in the kernel that allows arbitrary code execution in order to disable the signature checking routine. The kernel of an operating system is like a traffic cop. It is in charge of controlling access to hardware resources, managing processes, and controlling user permissions among other duties.

Assuming the first two flaws have been found and successfully exploited, the jailbreak is only effective until the device reboots because at that point signature checking will be re-enabled and the user-loaded apps won’t be allowed to execute. To persist the jailbreak across reboots, the attacker needs to find an exploit in the boot sequence of the iOS device that will run the attacker’s code.

Boot vulnerabilities

When iOS boots, the hardware first verifies the signature on the firmware, which then verifies the signature on the boot loader (actually, iOS has two), which then verifies the signature on the kernel, which then checks the signatures on all subsequently launched programs. Therefore, all attackers are forced to find a flaw somewhere in that boot sequence that will allow them to run their initial program that will disable the kernel’s signature checking.

And thus, the beauty of Apple’s strategy is revealed. First, they force their opponent to find four vulnerabilities; fixing any one of which breaks the jailbreak and forces the attacker to find a new flaw that serves the same purpose. Second, and perhaps more critically, Apple ensures that at least one of those flaws must be in the boot sequence.

This is a huge advantage because, unlike most programs, boot loaders are typically relatively small (hundreds or thousands of lines of code, not millions) and they don’t need a lot of new features added over time. Thus, attackers can’t count on the bootloaders introducing new flaws. This creates a “narrow pass,” and, as Sun Tzu advised (“With regard to narrow passes, if you can occupy them first, let them be strongly garrisoned and await the advent of the enemy.”), Apple has fortified it.

Kernel vulnerabilities (redux)

Finally, the attacker needs an exploit to get back into the kernel to disable the signature checking again. It is likely that this exploit will require a different flaw than the original kernel vulnerability used. However, if an attacker has managed to get this far, the jailbreak will persist across reboots. At least until the next version of iOS patches these flaws and this race starts over again.

Within the security community there has long been a debate of whether fixing any single bug makes the system significantly more secure. By creating a “narrow point” that can contain only a limited number of bugs, Apple has ensured that the answer is “yes” for iOS. Every bug fixed makes it that much harder to find a new flaw. I congratulate Apple for creating a system where, for once, the defenders have the advantage. Even so, iOS users must hope that Apple remains vigilant. The jailbreaking community worked for free. The next round of attackers are funded by organizations willing to spend millions of dollars to penetrate iOS devices.

Tim Jackson, senior product security architect at MobileIron.

Published under license from ITProPortal.com, a Future plc Publication. All rights reserved.

Photo Credit: val lawless/Shutterstock

Mustafizur ruled out with injury

Posted Posted by Admin in News     Comments Comments Off on Mustafizur ruled out with injury
Oct
15

Mustafizur Rahman suffered an ankle twist during training on Saturday, ruling him out of the first ODI in Kimberley on Sunday. Bangladesh manager Minhajul Abedin said that Mustafizur could be out for the rest of the tour.

“Mustafizur twisted his ankle during the warm-up before training,” Minhajul, Bangladesh’s chief selector and team manager for this tour, told the Daily Star. “He won’t play tomorrow.

“We can’t tell yet if he will be available for the rest of the series. We’ll know more after we go to Cape Town [for the second ODI in Paarl], we haven’t done a scan yet.”

The incident reportedly took place while playing football ahead of a training session in Kimberley.

Bangladesh have suffered a difficult tour so far, after big defeats in the Test series, with Mustafizur one of the bright spots in an otherwise abysmal bowling performance. They do, however, have Mashrafe Mortaza and Shakib Al Hasan back for the ODIs.

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